Darfur: Radio Dabanga News Digest Number 23 | 30 August 2015

Eric Reeves | August 30, 2015
This twenty-third installment of Darfur: Radio Dabanga News Digest focuses on events of the past two weeks, including violence and insecurity in North Darfur and the continuing deterioration in humanitarian conditions. It is divided into four sections:
Section 1: Throughout Darfur and indeed much of Sudan, various humanitarian indicators continue a relentless deterioration. Additionally, the most recent report from the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) presents a truly terrifying portrait of malnutrition throughout Sudan, but especially in Darfur, where most of the region is indicated as suffering from Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates that are above the emergency humanitarian threshold; large excerpts from the report and commentary may be found here. Huge swathes of eastern Sudan, Blue Nile, and other areas also have GAM rates above the emergency threshold.

Section II: The level of violence continues to be very high, especially in North Darfur/eastern Jebel Marra region. Khartoum's flight ban on UNAMID aircraft in North Darfur (see below) is an indication of how tight a lid the regime wishes to keep on all reports of violence. This is further evidence of a continuing "change in demography," articulated early on (August 2004) as a goal by Khartoum and its Janjaweed militia.
Section III: International failure to come to terms with the real nature of the Khartoum regime continues to be on painful display. The U.S. and Europe have never seemed more powerless in bringing about the changes necessary if Sudan is to escape the 26 years of brutal tyranny by the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party, and its endless wars on its own people.
Sudan itself continues to give all the evidence one would expect of an imploding economy: high inflation, a further decline in the value of the Sudanese Pound, an almost total lack of foreign exchange currency, a decline in remittances from abroad, and water shortages that are a function of the regime's refusal to invest in a national infrastructure for key resources and commodities. The agricultural sector also continues in steep decline, even as external debt continues to rise: it now stands at over $47 billion.

Section IV: Politically, the confusion and indecisiveness of the African Union-the Peace and Security Council in particular-have never been more conspicuous. It has no success to point to, despite many years of engagement on Darfur. The AU PSC is ridiculed in two Sudan Vision editorials in a fashion as revealing of the regime as it is of the AUPSC (Sudan Vision is the regime's primary propaganda vehicle for reaching English-speaking audiences; the editorials appear below in Appendix 3).

[Because the News Digest now appears on a biweekly basis, dispatches will often be reduced further in editing-many appearing with only the title, the URL (always embedded in the title), and perhaps a key sentence-and commentary will typically be briefer, although not on the present occasion.]
[For previous Radio Dabanga Digests, see:
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 1 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1CD
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 2 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1De
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 3 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Dt
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 4 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ei
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 5 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1EL
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 6 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Fp
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 7 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1FL
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 8 | http://wp.me/s45rOG-6452
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 9 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Gi
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 10 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Gt
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 11 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Hq
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 12 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1HY
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 13 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ia
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 14 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1II
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 15 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ji
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 16 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1JU
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 17 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Kp
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 18 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1L7
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 19 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Lm
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 20 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1LM
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 21 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Mv
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 22 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1MX
Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 23 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Nr   
Per usual, Sudan Tribune has again been the source of several key reports on Darfur and the growing political crisis.
[All emphases in all quoted material (in bold) have been added; all editorial comments are in italics, in blue, with my initials following; a useful and quite recent administrative map of Darfur appears here.
[1] Humanitarian issues: child malnutrition, lack of vaccination; increasing morbidity during rainy season

·  "Three million children in Sudan suffer from malnutrition": UN | August 16, 2015 | Khartoum
One million children in Sudan under the age of five suffer from acute malnutrition. Some 550,000 among them are severely malnourished and at risk of dying. Another two million are stunted owing to chronic malnutrition. Of Sudan's 184 localities, 53 have severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates that are classified as "very critical" (above three percent), the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Sudan reports in its latest weekly bulletin.

The highest SAM rates measured are above 20 percent, and are found in three localities in South Darfur and Red Sea states. Most of the children with SAM are found in North Darfur, El Gezira, South Darfur, Khartoum and El Gedaref. These five states carry 51 percent of the national SAM burden.

·  WHO: 16 million Sudanese children need measles vaccination | August 21, 2015 | Khartoum
A raging measles outbreak endangering the lives of children in Sudan threatens to get out of control, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) representative in the country. Dr Naeema Hassan El Gaseer of the WHO was quoted in several media on Thursday as saying that the outbreak is unprecedented in the country. The number of measles cases has reached 3,000, most of them being children under five years of age. She said the outbreak seemed to have worsened at the end of July and warned that at least 16 million children in Sudan are in need of vaccination to head off the spreading disease.


·  Disease spreads in South Darfur camps | August 25, 2015 | Nyala
The deteriorating health situation in Otash camp in South Darfur has prompted the displaced Darfuris living there to renew their appeal to the authorities and relief organisations to treat them against diseases.

Many children are suffering from diseases and malnutrition in El Salam camp. A resident of the camp near Nyala revealed to Radio Dabanga that measles has spread among the displaced population. "Dozens of people suffer from the disease inside the camp, where the health unit does not provide treatment for them." He pointed to the spread of mosquitoes, because of the overflowing of the ponds, which may have led to the spread of disease.
·  Health situation in North Darfur's Zamzam camp deteriorating | August 24, 2015 | Zamzam Camp, North Darfur
The displaced living in Zamzam camp near El Fasher, capital of North Darfur, complain about the rapid deterioration of the health conditions in the camp after five organisations stopped their interventions last June. An activist at the camp told Radio Dabanga that the five NGOs were working in the field of water, health, education, and non-food items"They stopped their work in June because of a lack of funds." He said that since they left, the health situation has deteriorated quickly. "We are suffering from an explosive spread of mosquitoes and sand flies causing malaria and kala-azar (visceral leishmaniosis, also known as black fever and dumdum fever). The rainwater pools are not being drained and the latrines cannot be cleaned owing to a shortage of water. "Moreover, kala-azar patients now have to go to El Fasher for treatment, as we cannot keep the medication at the camp because of a lack of refrigerators."

·  Three Darfur children die after drinking from pond | August 26, 2015 | East Jebel Marra
Three young herders died in East Jebel Marra on Monday, after drinking water from a rain pool. A relative of one of the victims informed Radio Dabanga that Aisha Suleiman Yahya (14), Abakar Ishag (12) and Ismail Adam Musa (10), as well as 20 of their goats died after drinking from a pond near Tamra village, seven kilometres east of Fanga. "The children and their livestock died immediately after drinking from the water," he said, highlighting the intensive aerial bombardments between February and June "that left many remnants of bombs in the area." He added that "many children in East Jebel Marra suffer from "swellings in their throats and heads. Recently four of them had to be taken to El Fasher for treatment."
[ Full text, with related photographs and all links, at | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Nr ]
Eric Reeves 
Smith CollegeNorthampton, MA  01063       413-585-3326       ereeves@smith.edu
       Skype: ReevesSudan 
       Website:   www.sudanreeves.org
Compromising With Evil: An archival history of greater Sudan, 2007-2012   www.CompromisingWithEvil.org