Darfur: Radio Dabanga News Digest Number 22 | 16 August 2015‏

This twenty-second installment of Darfur: Radio Dabanga News Digest focuses on events of the past two weeks, including violence and insecurity in North Darfur and the continuing deterioration in humanitarian conditions throughout Darfur and indeed much of Sudan. Flooding has created urgent problems in many of the camps for displaced persons. There are an unusually large number of revealing and important dispatches.

Further, the most recent report from the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) presents a truly terrifying portrait of malnutrition throughout Sudan, but especially in Darfur, where most of region is indicated as suffering from Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates above the emergency humanitarian threshold; large excerpts from the report and commentary may be found here. Huge swathes of eastern Sudan, Blue Nile, and other areas also have GAM rates above the emergency threshold.

Several dispatches give further evidence of the accelerating collapse of the Sudanese economy, kept afloat by rumor, repression, corruption, and outright mendacity. Claims of trillions of dollars in gold reserves and unverified claims of billions of dollars of concessionary loans from other Arab states are the new elements in the Sudanese version of "The Emperor [the Economy] is Wearing No Clothes!"

In all this the Khartoum regime is assisted by an absurdly uncritical International Monetary Fund, which should long ago have ceased giving credence, and thus credibility, to the "data" promulgated by the regime's Central Bureau of Statistics. Khartoum's increasingly untenable, indeed often self-contradictory reporting on key figures for the economy are simply preposterous claims made by officials desperate to convince the world that they really do have foreign exchange currency. Paradoxically, these claims have as their backdrop Sudan's inability to import sufficient wheat for bread production or refined petroleum products (cooking fuel and more recently diesel). For reasons that are finally political, the IMF has decided that it will not criticize the Khartoum regime in any meaningful way. Indeed, in a statement breathtaking in its misrepresentation, Edward Gemayel, the IMF's Mission Chief for Sudan declared in a press release of October 2013 that "Sudan has a long track record of implementing sustainable economic policies."

This is perniciously, destructively false-and demonstrably so.

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[Because the News Digest now appears on a biweekly basis, dispatches will often be reduced further in editing-many appearing with only the title, the URL (always embedded in the title), and perhaps a key sentence-and commentary will typically be briefer, although not on the present occasion.]

 

TOPIC HEADINGS


[1] Humanitarian indicators and concerns, focusing particularly on the consequences of recent rains and increasing child morality (this is the very height of the rainy season in Darfur);

[2] Continuing violence against civilians, taking all forms in all areas of Darfur;

[3] Political failure of the "Darfur Regional Authority" (DRA) created by the worthless Doha (Qatar) Document for Peace in Darfur; increasing dissent within the DRA and evidence of massive corruption are reported; Thabo Mbeki continues to intrude himself as AU diplomat for Darfur despite nothing but failure to show for his efforts of the past six years;

[4] Broader political issues, economic developments, as well as reports of growing and spreading corruption produced by the collapse of the economy.

[For previous Radio Dabanga Digests, see:

 

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 1 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1CD

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 2 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1De

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 3 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Dt

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 4 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ei

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 5 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1EL

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 6 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Fp

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 7 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1FL

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 8 | http://wp.me/s45rOG-6452

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 9 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Gi

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 10 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Gt

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 11 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Hq

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 12 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1HY

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 13 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ia

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 14 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1II

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 15 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ji

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 16 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1JU

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 17 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Kp

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 18 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1L7

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 19 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Lm

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 20 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1LM

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 21 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Mv

Darfur: Radio Dabanga Digest, Number 22 |http://wp.me/p45rOG-1MX

 

Sudan Tribune has again been the source of several key reports on Darfur and the growing political crisis.

 

[All emphases in all quoted material (in bold) have been added; all editorial comments are in italics, in blue, with my initials following; a useful and quite recent administrative map of Darfur appears here.

 

[1] Humanitarian indicators and concerns, focusing particularly on the consequences of recent rains, critical humanitarian shortages and deficiencies, malnutrition, particularly among children increasing child morality (this is the very height of the rainy season in Darfur):

• "Darfur displaced prefer aid to development": Sudanese official | August 5, 2015 | Khartoum / El Fasher

The Sudanese government is determined to reduce the provision of food aid to the displaced people in Darfur, according to the head of the national Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). Humanitarian Aid Commissioner Ahmed Mohamed Adam accused the displaced living in the 133 Darfur camps of rejecting development in the region by insisting on the continuation of food distribution. "For 11 years, the displaced in the camps have been enjoying three free meals daily instead of exerting efforts to realise development in the region," he told the press in Khartoum on Monday, following a meeting with the parliamentary Social Affairs Committee.

Inline image 1

People newly displaced on the outskirts of Kalma camp, near Nyala; when and whether they will receive humanitarian assistance is uncertain


[The suggestion here by Humanitarian Aid Commissioner Adam that Darfuris in camps for the displaced stay on for the sake of free food is so preposterous, so complete in its refusal to acknowledge the suffering and deprivation that define life for the more than 2.5 million displaced persons-many without access to camp resources even though displaced-that it becomes the perfect emblem of Khartoum's attitude toward the people of Darfur: callous, cruel, and contemptuous of truths that are all too readily available. If we want to know why Darfur remains so desperately in need, so riven by violence, so dangerous to those who would indeed try to farm their lands, Mr. Adam has provided it. There are no words adequate to describe the viciousness of Khartoum's Darfur policy as represented by HAC-ER]

• Children starve in Darfur's Jebel Marra | August 9, 2015 | Khartoum

Mortality rates owing to severe malnutrition among children in western Jebel Marra, Central Darfur, are rising rapidly. Nierteti Hospital is crowded with young patients from the areas of Guldo, Tor, and Golo, an activist told Radio Dabanga.  "From 18 July until Thursday more than 15 children at Nierteti hospital died as a result of undernourishment," he said.  "Seven of them died last week: Ishag Hassan Ali (17 months), Abdallah Omar Abdallah, Sumeiya Hussein Abakar, Maryam Bilal Hassan, and Hikmah Ibrahim Abakar, all 18-months-old, and Hosni Hussein Ibrahim and Mutaz El Nur Abdelaziz, both 23-months-old.


Inline image 1

Malnourished Darfuri child


• Four die in childbirth at North Darfur hospital | August 10, 2015 | Saraf Umra

On Friday four women died in childbirth at Saraf Umra Hospital in North Darfur, which is suffering from a severe shortage of resources. A relative of one of the women told Radio Dabanga that the "dire situation at the hospital led to the death of Khadija Ibrahim Abdallah, Hawa Mohamed Yousef, Magboula Hussein Suleiman, and Mashayir Adam Ahmed Suleiman.

[There has been a steady decline in the quality of medical available in Darfur since the mass expulsion of international humanitarian organizations in March 2009-ER]


• Health services fail in North Darfur's Ein Siro | August 13, 2015 | Kutum

The population of Ein Siro, west of Kutum in North Darfur, complain about the dire humanitarian and health situation they are living in and request urgent intervention. Activist Adam Babiker Suleiman told Radio Dabanga from Kutum that the four health centres in the area of Ein Siro are entirely devoid of medicines. "There are no qualified medics available because health organisations have not been allowed access for more than a year." 

Suleiman added that after the expulsion of Save the Children[-USA] in 2009, more than 20 children's' centres were closed. "At least 200 pre-school pupils were affected in the area." [Save the Children USA was expelled in 2009 and replaced by the much small Save the Children/Sweden, which continues, but chiefly in West Darfur-ER]

• Stagnant water spreads disease in Kabkabiya, North Darfur | August 13, 2015 | Kabkabiya

Flash floods that hit Kabkabiya in North Darfur during the last week have polluted the water wells and caused the flooding of streets and markets. "The stagnant water in the area and the polluted water in the wells has resulted in the spread of diarrhoea, typhoid, and malaria," a listener reported to Radio Dabanga from Kabkabiya town.

[The full consequences for morbidity of this year's rainy season-following the continuing deterioration of international humanitarian assistance for water and sanitation needs in Darfur-have yet to be felt-ER]

Inline image 1

Kalma camp has been particularly hard hit by flooding

Full text, with photographs and all links, may be found at:

http://wp.me/p45rOG-1MX 

 

Eric Reeves 

Smith College
Northampton, MA  01063

Website:   www.sudanreeves.org

Compromising With Evil: An archival history of greater Sudan, 2007-2012   www.CompromisingWithEvil.org